Tribal people or isolated clan are communities who live, or have lived, either by choice or by cir-cumstance, without significant contact with globalised civilisation. There are few tribe have re-mained totally unconnected by global civilisation. They still living in some of the most isolated re-gions in India. The Baiga Tribe, (who call themselves Bhumiaraja or Bhumijan) known for its unique culture basically found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Chattisgarh. With its population of about 250000, they live in dense forest and hilly regions.
As a semi-nomadic tribe with an ancient culture, the Baiga live an almost entirely self-sufficient life-style in the dense jungle of Madhya Pradesh. Today, their unique way of life is undergoing rapid change, under the impact of modernity and the actions of the Indian government. The Baiga were hunter-gatherers who live in a small society that fosters strong family ties. Traditionally, the Baiga live in small isolated groups.
The Baiga tribes practice shifting cultivation (Bewar, or 'dahiya' cultivation) in the forest areas. In-digenous Baiga Tribe in Balaghat District of Madhya Pradesh. They have sub-castes – Bijhwar, NaroMa, BharoMya, Nahar, Rai Bhaina, and Kadh Bhaina. The Baiga’s mainly live in dense forest and hilly regions. The Baiga’s consider themselves to be servant of the earth and the king of the forests. Baiga Tribes say that it was, is and always will be their Kartavya, (duty in this life), to live close to Mother Nature, protecting her from destruction.
In this society women have a respectable place. Baiga community believe that women's leadership skills are far better than men. There is no difference in the tribal society, such as low caste, caste, rich-poor, women and men. There are no mischief like female feticide, child marriage, dowry. They have a tradition of honouring women, and this tradition is followed by tribal communities of Baga.